Main schemes and measures
Main schemes and measures
Single Area Payment Scheme (SAPS)
Single area payment scheme (SAPS) funded by the European Union is available regardless of the land use for the areas defined by Community legislation. The legal user of the land is eligible for the support.
The cross-compliance system is a complex requirement system, which includes specific monitoring and sanctioning mechanisms.
Cross-compliance mainly covers directives and regulations that have existed for years and apply to all farmers (even those not receiving the type of EU support covered by cross compliance).
To this has been added – specifically for farmers receiving CAP payments – a set of rules on good agricultural and environmental condition, designed to: prevent soil erosion; maintain soil organic matter and soil structure; ensure a minimum level of maintenance; avoid the deterioration of habitats; protect and manage water.
The quintessence of cross compliance is that beneficiaries of direct payments and certain rural development and wine market support are encouraged by the requirements of the control system to comply with the various rules governing their activities (environmental, animal tagging, animal welfare etc.).
Agri-environment management scheme
The purpose of the measure is the preservation and improvement of the physical (soil, water, air) and natural environment affected by agriculture, and the conservation of genetic resources. So is the promotion of raising the quality of products, the enhancement of food security and the support of farmers' income security. The support is available for arable crops, grassland management, plantation management and wetland management group scheme.
Support for young farmers
This measure objectives of facilitating young farmers’ initial establishment and the structural adjustment of their holdings after initial setting up to promote the transformation of the holding structure and the improvement of age structure of the agricultural labour force.
Afforestation of agricultural land
The purpose of this measure is to promote agricultural restructuring, enhance the country's forest cover, maintain the rural areas of natural and landscape heritage, improve the living conditions of the rural population, and develop the defensive, economic, social and social welfare functions of forests.
Forest-environmental and climate services and forest conservation
The purpose of the measure is the preservation and extension of the current breeding range of indigenous tree species by removing spontaneous and aggressively expanding, non-indigenous tree and shrub species. This measure consists of the following schemes:
Reduction of the aggressively expanding, non-indigenous tree and shrub species scheme
Selection forest management scheme
Labour-intensive nurturing of forests scheme
Reduction of clear felling restoration of indigenous forests scheme
Ensure opportunities for provision of special forest habitats and natural forest regeneration scheme
Postponement of final use for the purpose of soil and habitat protection scheme
Maintenance of forests for public welfare scheme
Development and maintenance of forest clearings scheme
Use of environmental friendly handling methods scheme
Suckler cow premium scheme
The purpose of the measure is to support cattle owners who keep female bovine animals yeaning and raising calves utilized for beef production. This income support promotes the dynamic development of beef cattle industry, the modernization of production technologies and the efficient farming. It also ameliorates the conditions necessary for successful farming and facilitates the stabilization of the market of beef cattle industry.
Animal welfare aid following the restructuring the dairy sector
This measure gives support for dairy farmers. The payment is applied to the owner of the livestock after female bovines producing milk in one enclosure every financial year. The sum of the payment is defined by animal unit and paid only if the rules defined in the aid regulation are complied. This support has two components: one is a basic aid the other is a supplementary aid.
The applicant only apply for basic aid if complying with the rules of animal density, care supervision, risk assessment, milking technologies and preventive measures defined by the aid regulation.
The applicant can only apply for supplementary aid if complying with the rules defined in the aid regulation regarding the defence against parasites, regarding the need of a natural habitat, and regarding the rules of foraging.
Agricultural damage mitigation
The aim of the I. pillar of the system assessing the risks caused by weather and other natural risks concerning farming is to mitigate the effects of these risks by assembling a risk community, enhancing the self-care approach of farmers, making national aids more effective and providing proportionate responsibilities for the involved parties.
This measure grants the contributors a payment from the contributions of every contributor and from the allocated national budget which should be at least match the sum of the fund financed by the contributors. A partial payment should be applied to contributors in the same year as the contribution was paid and only to areas which are used by the farmer and the damage caused by natural forces regarding these areas caused a more than 30% percent decrease of yield value.
School fruit programme
To increase the level of national fruit consumption and to improve the dietary habits of the younger generation, vegetables, fruits or vegetable/fruit juices are provided to children learning in state schools.
Wine sector restructuring
The aim of this measure is to help the actors of the grape and wine sector to cope with the market circumstances, to help to modernize the vineyards and to enhance the competitiveness of wine producers. Changing the type of grape produced at a vineyard and replanting a vineyard is considered as vineyard restructuring and conversion.
Modernization of livestock farms
The purpose of the measure is to stimulate modernization of livestock farms in order to comply with regulations of manure placement, and to improve feeding and technical quality, animal health and food security situation, infrastructure and livestock farms workers working conditions and work efficiency.
Increasing value of agricultural products
The purpose of the measure is to increase farms or food businesses overall performance and competitiveness, food safety and hygiene conditions; to reduce environmental impact and meet the relevant Community standards by developing processing and marketing of agricultural products, or introducing new products, methods and techniques.
Encouragement of tourism activities
The purpose of the measure is to support sustainable rural development and agro-tourism investments, development and services in order to create or preserve jobs.
Eligible target areas are creation of private accommodations and related services, expansion and development of rural accommodations and services; setting up quality accommodations and related services for children and youth tourism; development of quality and complex agro tourism services (equestrian services, hunting tourism, forest tourism, fishing tourism, water tourism and wine tourism).
The purpose of EU's most successful rural development initiative is to facilitate sustainable and innovative use of regional internal resources; to promote cooperation between the active rural operators, and the preparation and implementation of local sustainable development strategies.
The support of cooperation between national and international regions, areas and municipalities can forge together territories of similar characteristics facing similar problems in order to promote the adoption of good operating practices or best practices.
Leader encourages rural territories to explore new ways to become or to remain competitive, to make the most of their assets and to overcome the challenges they may face, such as an ageing population, poor levels of service provision, or a lack of employment opportunities. In this way,
Leader contributes towards improving the quality of life in rural areas both for farm families and the wider rural population.
Purchase of intervention cereals
The purpose of grain intervention covered by the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy is to stabilize the grain market and the grain sector to ensure adequate living standard for farmers (Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007).
The fixed-price purchases can be used only in case of wheat; the rate is maximized at European level at 3 million tonnes. The quantity of wheat that may be offered for intervention is 80 tonnes, the amount of the security to be lodged is 20 €/t.
Tender purchases are available only if the European Commission opens the relevant tender. In the case of this method the producers who offered grain make an offer on the purchase price and the Commission purchases the cheapest deals of the period. This method is available for corn, barley, wheat and sorghum as well.
Sales of intervention cereals
There are four types of sales according to intervention cereals.
Intervention cereals can be sold to Member States if the quantity of stored cereals is below 5000 tonnes.
In case of Community sales the act issued by the European Commission defines the quantity of cereals offered for sale per Member States.
An export sale is available only in special cases (to be launched by an act issued by the European Commission).
Free transfer shall be made under the EU food aid program.
The gained profit comes in the European Union’s budget, but in case of selling at a loss the amount is reimbursed to the Member State.
Storing intervention cereals
The conditions for participating in the intervention cereal storage scheme are the following: the technical and technological conditions of storage activity are ensured, and the paying agency recognizes the warehouse as intervention grain warehouse.
Those warehouses are recognized as intervention grain warehouse by the paying agency that comply with the optimum grain storage requirements set out by the paying agency, and that ensure the preservation of the quality and quantity of the stored intervention cereals.
The preservation of the quality and quantity of intervention cereals is a priority objective of this measure.